Machine translation is becoming an increasingly important component of the translation routine. But do you know how it all began?
It’s difficult to assess when the first ideas of the machine translation were born. The first steps towards realizing the ideas of machine translation began after World War II, when technology and knowledge were enabling it.
The beginnings of machine translation
American Warren Weaver wrote: “I have a Russian text in front of me which is written in Russian, but I am going to pretend that it is really written in English and that it has been coded in some strange symbols. All I need to do is strip off the code in order to retrieve the information contained in the text.”
With his thinking, Weaver encouraged a great deal of research in this direction, and in the 1950s, for the first time, machine translation was introduced to the public. Due to its successful beginnings, it has been announced that the machine translation problem will be solved within five years.
The development of machine translation has been largely funded by the US government. In the 1960s, the American Automatic Language Processing Advisory Committee published a report showing that the development of machine translation is much more complex than it initially seemed. It was then that they realized that the project required too high a cost, given the targeted quality of service.
As a result, the US government was no longer willing to invest money to develop machine translation. Only a few groups outside the US have been involved in the development.
The first breaks
Then, in the 1970s, a turnaround happened. Scientists have developed two machine translation programs – Systran and Meteo. Systran translated texts from Russian into English and vice versa, mainly used in US aviation. Meteo, however, was translating weather forecasts. However, these two translators were aimed at a very narrow field and, because of the technology they supported, did not allow for a good translation of the common language.
A key turning point occurred in the 1990s. During this period, various machine translators were welcomed into the world. Each of these machine translators, however, had its own approach, which greatly influenced the further development of machine translation.
At the turn of the millennium, research in the field of machine translation continues to grow and improve. During this time, free online machine translators began to appear.
Several decades of research have led to today’s machine translators, which now translate texts at such a high quality that translators only refine their translation.
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